12 Time-Tested Tips for Building Better Dungeons for DND Campaigns

Welcome, game masters! Dungeon-building is a crucial part of any D&D campaign. It’s the part that adds the thrill of exploration and adventure to the game, and it’s up to you to make sure your dungeon is up to par.

That’s why we’re here! To help you make sure your dungeons are the talk of the town, here are 12 time-tested tips for building better dungeons for D&D campaigns.

12 Steps Toward Better DND Dungeons

I hope you find this useful!

Step One: Define Your Dungeon’s Purpose

Creating a dungeon isn’t just about throwing a bunch of monsters and traps in a room. It’s also about creating an engaging story that fits with the rest of your campaign. Start by developing a theme and crafting a backstory for your dungeon. For example, if your campaign is set in a post-apocalyptic world, your dungeon could be an old bunker filled with monsters and secrets. Having a purpose for the dungeon will make the location more realistic which can add more excitement to your game.

Defining your dungeon’s purpose doesn’t need to be difficult. All you need to do is take some time to think about the setting, the theme, and the purpose of the dungeon. Don’t be afraid to take notes – or even ask for help. Whether it’s your players, a community online, or an AI tool, using something to brainstorm can help you nail down your dungeon’s purpose. And when you do that, you can really begin to flesh out the rest of your dungeon. Trust me. Your players will appreciate you taking the time to build an awesome dungeon.

Step Two: Consider the Challenges

Once you’ve defined your dungeon’s purpose, it’s time to start thinking about the challenges you’re going to present to your players. Puzzles and monsters are great ways to test the skills of your players and give them a chance to shine. You can create puzzles that require players to manipulate the environment or use their wits to solve a problem. As for monsters, make sure you select the right ones for your dungeon. For example, if your dungeon is set in a desert, you probably don’t want to fill it with snowy owlbears. Make sure the creatures fit the environment and provide a challenge for the players.

The trick is finding a balance. You don’t want it to be too easy, but you also don’t want it to be too hard. Make sure to keep your players’ level in mind when crafting challenges. It’s also a good idea to playtest your dungeon before you run it with your players. This will give you a chance to adjust the challenges based on the feedback you get. Even if you can’t do this, you can still incorporate feedback into your process. If players really like a certain aspect of a dungeon, be sure to consider it when crafting future dungeons.

Step Three: Plan the Layout

Now that you’ve decided on the challenges, it’s time to figure out how your dungeon is going to look. You have two choices when it comes to layout: linear or multi-path. A linear layout is like a hallway – the players will be able to see the end of the dungeon right away. A multi-path layout is like a giant maze – the players will have to navigate their way to the end. Both have their pros and cons, so it’s important to decide which is right for your dungeon.

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It’s also important to create a map of your dungeon. This will not only help you stay organized, but it will also help your players if they get lost. You can make a map ahead of time and draw it out on paper, or you can create it during game time and use a digital mapping tool. Either way, having a map is essential for a well-crafted dungeon. A lot of great tools exist for coming up with a layout of a dungeon, so don’t hesitate to use some of those. If you want some suggestions, find me on Twitter and ask! (Quest accepted? haha.)

Step Four: Decide the Rewards

Once you’ve figured out the layout, it’s time to figure out what rewards your players can earn from exploring your dungeon. Generally, rewards come in two forms: treasure or knowledge. Treasure rewards are items that are valuable, like money or magical items. Knowledge rewards are things like plot hooks or useful information about the world. You can also opt to give out optional rewards for more experienced players. This can be anything from more powerful items to more complex puzzles.

It’s important to be creative with rewards. Players will remember a dungeon that gave out unique rewards, so don’t be afraid to create something unique. Also, make sure to scale the rewards to the level of your players. If they’re newbies, give them something simple – no need to start them off with a powerful artifact. And if they’re experienced players, let them have some fun with the rewards. Once again, it’s all about balance. (Are you noticing a theme?)

Step Five: Decide the Enemies

Now it’s time to decide what type of enemies will inhabit your dungeon. It’s important to pick the right type of enemies that fit the theme of your dungeon. For example, a dungeon set in a haunted castle should have undead monsters, not orcs. You can also create unique encounters with certain enemies. For example, you could create a fight between a large dragon and small goblin tribe.

When it comes to crafting unique enemies, you can really get creative. Think of their motivation, goals, and backstory. Why are they in the dungeon? What do they want? How do they interact with other monsters? All of these details can help make your enemies more meaningful and engaging. It’s also a good idea to have a few boss-level enemies in your dungeon. These should be the toughest, most rewarding fights in your dungeon.

Step Six: Add Flavor

Once you’ve decided on the enemies, it’s time to add some flavor to your dungeon. This means adding unique descriptions for each room and establishing a setting and atmosphere. Think of it like a movie – you want to give your players the feeling of being in the world you’ve created. You can do this with descriptions of the rooms, interesting NPCs, and even jokes or bits of dialogue.

This step is all about giving your players a memorable experience. When writing descriptions, focus on the important details and don’t overdo it. Make sure it’s engaging, but not too long-winded. If you want, you can also add flavor to the enemies. Give them interesting backstories and goals to make them more than just monsters. It can add an extra layer of richness to your dungeon.

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Step Seven: Test the Dungeon

Now it’s time to test the dungeon. This step is crucial – you don’t want to run your dungeon without having playtested it first. This will help you identify any potential problems or areas of improvement. You can invite some friends over to test it out, or you can join an online community that can help you with playtesting. Either way, getting feedback is essential.

Once you have some feedback, make any adjustments that are necessary. This could be anything from making puzzles easier to creating more engaging encounters. Don’t be afraid to change things – a good dungeon should be able to adjust to feedback. You might even get some great ideas from your players! When you’re done, make sure to write down all the details for easy reference. This will save you a lot of time if you ever want to use this dungeon again.

Step Eight: Finalize the Dungeon

Once you’ve tested the dungeon, it’s time to make any final adjustments that you need. This could be anything from making a few tweaks to the layout to adding some new puzzles. It’s important to make sure that your dungeon is as polished as possible. Once you’re happy with it, write down all the details for easy reference. This will make things much easier for you if you ever need to use the dungeon again.

Step Nine: Keep Improving

Once your dungeon is complete, don’t forget to keep improving it. Dungeons can quickly become stale if they’re not kept up-to-date. Make sure to add new challenges and rewards to each dungeon you create. This will keep things fresh and will ensure that your players are having a great time.

Step Ten: Ask for Feedback

Asking for feedback is essential for improving your dungeons. Don’t be afraid to ask your players for constructive feedback after each session. This can help you identify any potential issues with your dungeon and fix them before they become bigger problems. And if you get some good ideas from your players, be sure to use them in your future dungeons.

Step Eleven: Have Fun!

Creating dungeons can be a lot of work, but don’t forget to have fun. Enjoy the process of creating something unique and interesting for your players. Revel in the satisfaction of a job well done. There is something deeply satisfying about creating a successful dungeon for your players.

Step Twelve: Using AI Tools Responsibly

AI-driven dungeon generation tools can be an incredibly powerful tool for game masters. But it’s important to take caution when using these tools. Be sure to understand the possibilities and limitations of AI-assisted dungeon design before you use any such tools. Don’t be afraid to experiment, but also be aware of the potential pitfalls of using AI tools in your dungeon design.

AI Tool Pros:

  • Save time: AI tools can quickly generate dungeons, saving you time.
  • Flexibility: AI tools are flexible, allowing you to customize the dungeon to your specifications.
  • Variety: AI tools provide a wide variety of dungeon designs, giving you more options to choose from.

AI Tool Cons:

  • Lack of control: AI tools can generate dungeons that are out of your control, leading to unexpected results.
  • Prone to errors: AI tools can be prone to errors, leading to poor results or unbalanced dungeons.
  • Lack of creativity: AI tools may be able to generate dungeons, but they don’t provide the same creative and unique experience as hand-crafted dungeons.


Dungeon-building is an important part of any D&D campaign, and it’s up to you to make sure your dungeons are up to par. With these 12 time-tested tips for building better dungeons for D&D campaigns, you’ll be able to create memorable and engaging dungeons that your players will love. Just remember to take your time, be creative, and most importantly, have fun! Now go forth, game masters, and create some incredible dungeons!

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Paul Bellow

LitRPG Author Paul Bellow

Paul Bellow is a LitRPG author, gamer, RPG game developer, and publisher of several online communities. In other words, an old school webmaster. He also developed and runs LitRPG Adventures, a set of advanced RPG generators powered by GPT-3 AI. Here at LitRPG Reads, he publishes articles about LitRPG books, tabletop RPG books, and all sorts of DND content that's free to use in your personal tabletop campaign - i.e. non-commercial use. Enjoy your stay and reach out on Twitter or Discord if you want to make contact.

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